Digital Learning Objective: How is General Crook conflicted in the arrest of the Poncas?

Classroom Objectives/Outcomes:

I can describe how the choices that individuals make impact who they are now and who they can become.

I can describe factors of influence in how individuals perceive others, and how they are perceived by others.

Theme 4: Individual Development and Identity p. 38-39


Identifying point of view

Recognizing bias

Charting character change and development

National Standards:

Adler, Susan A. National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies: A Framework for Teaching, Learning and Assessment. Silver Spring, Md: National Council for the Social Studies, 2010. Print.

Assessment Tasks:

1. Who was Thomas Tibbles?

2. Who was General George Crook?

3. Why did Crook go to Tibbles?

4. What was the promise that Standing Bear made to Bear Shield, his son, who died from malaria?

5.  Why did these 29 Ponca leave Indian Territory?

6.  Why did the Ponca go to the Omaha?

7.  Why was this group of Ponca arrested?

8.  How was the power of the press influential in this issue?


1. Thomas Tibbles was a reporter for the Omaha Herald.

2. General George Crook was part of the US Army in dealings with the Native people out west.

3. Crook went to Tibbles in an effort to publish the story of this group of Poncas and solicit help from the American public.

4. He promised he would bury his son in the bluffs of Niobrara with his ancestors.

5. They were honoring the promise that Standing Bear made to his son. And wanted to go back to their homeland themselves.

6. The Omaha are relatives of the Ponca (two bands that used to be one)

7. This group did not have permission to leave their agency in Oklahoma.

8. Leaders in the city of Omaha used the press to get the story of the Poncas out to others.  They sent telegrams to the President asking him to relaese the Ponca.

Download the "ARRESTED" Lesson Plan (216KB)