Digital Learning Objective: What was/is "home" for the Poncas?
I can describe how culture unifies a group of people.
I can describe how the beliefs, values and behaviors of a group of people help the group meet its needs and solve problems.
Geographic Literacy--analyzing and interpreting special purpose maps
Visual analysis of images
Comparison and Contrast
Adler, Susan A. National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies: A Framework for Teaching, Learning and Assessment. Silver Spring, Md: National Council for the Social Studies, 2010. Print.
Theme 1: Culture, p. 26-27
1. What is “home?” What part does “home” play in many Native narratives?
2. What did the Ponca live in?
3. What animals did the Ponca hunt?
4. Where were the ancestral graves for the Ponca people?
5. What does Wishart suggest about the power of place with Native people in contrast to Europeans?
“The history is written in the landscape.”
6. How have the Ponca, and other Native people, adapted since contact?
7. Explain what happened between the Lakota and Ponca, especially after the Treaty of 1868.
1. Answers will vary. Answers may include sacred sites, medicine, food sources, family, buried relatives.
2. earth lodges and tipis
3. buffalo (and other smaller animals)
4. In the bluffs overlooking the villages.
5. When Native people are moved, you not only take away their home and their belongings, but you take away their ties to ancestors and their spiritual traditions.
6. Their populations have been decimated by disease. They have been moved several times, forcing them to find new medicines and healing. After losing many of their people to disease and conflict, they have to find new ways to survive.
7. Because the U.S. Government often did not discern between Tribes and sometimes land markings were overlooked, the Ponca’s land was ceded to the Lakota in the Treaty of 1868.